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  • “嫦娥五号”计划年底在文昌发射 将从月球... 日期:2018-2-25

    Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.

  • 黑龙江省七台河市新兴区胡某信访事项督查情况 日期:2018-2-25

    文章内容仅供参考,不构成投资建议。

  • 渤海湾溢油案索赔“复苏”:205名山东渔民索赔1.7亿元 日期:2018-2-24

      三是要抓紧提升作战能力,适应一体化联合作战要求,适应新体制新编成,锐意改革,开拓创新,提高部队科技含量,发展精锐作战力量,加强实战化训练,增强新质作战能力,加快向质量效能型和科技密集型转变,打造坚不可摧的战斗集体。

  • 曝:马云正式进军房地产!打造天猫小镇!(图) 日期:2018-2-23

    但真实的情况却令人意外,因为眼下上海的小时最低工资已经赶上、甚至超过了一些国人眼中富裕的欧盟国家。

  • 天信点评:监管影响市场做多热情 破位下跌留隐患 日期:2018-2-22

    ThelatestdatafromDidiChuxing,China'slargestride-sharingservice,hasrevealedthatthenumberofcar-sharingservicestravelingamongBeijing,TianjinandHebeiprovincehasquadrupledinthepastyear.Thethreemostpopularroutestakenbyusersofcar-sharingservicehavebeenbetweenBeijingandtheportcityofTianjin,Hebei'sLangfangandBaoding.CarpoolingserviceshavealsohelpedtorelievethepressureonBeijing'sairtraffic,withmanyoptingtocarpooltoneighbouringcitiestofly.Thedataofthesurveyrevealedthenumberofpeopleusingcar-sharingservicestogototheTianjinandShijiazhuangairportshasquadrupledinthepastyear.Thedataalsoshowedtouristattractions,suchasthelakeofBaiyangdianandQinhuangdaocityinHebei,werepopularamongcar-sharingserviceusers.Tripstotheseareashaveincreasedbythreetimes.AccordingtoDidiChuxing,thetotaldistancetravelledusingsharedrides,inthepastyear,amountedto270millionkilometersamongthecitiesinvolved.Thishashelpedtoreducethecarbondioxideemissionof49,000tonsinayear,whichisequivalenttohowmuchCO22.67milliontreesabsorbinayear.YangZhiquan,aresidentinYanjiao,atown30kilometersfromdowntownBeijing,isoneofmanypeoplewhohavebenefittedfromofferingfellowcommutersalift.The48-year-oldworksataconstructioncompanyinBeijing,andspendsmorethanfourhourscommutingtoandfromworkeveryday.Yangsaidheenjoyedhavingsomeonetotalktoonthelong,lonelyjourney,andstartedofferingridestocommutersinthebeginningofthisyear."Igettomeetdifferentpeople,suchasbusinessmenandaverageofficeworkers,onthewaytoandfromworkeveryday,"hesaid.YangtoldBeijingYouthDaily,inareportonTuesday,thecar-sharingexperiencehasnotonlybroughtfriendship,butextraincome.DidiChuxingestimatedbytheendof2017about1.6millionrideswillbetakeneachmonthamongBeijing,TianjinandcitiesinHebei.

  • 湖南将全面关停并拆除400立方米及以下炼铁高炉 日期:2018-2-21

    [PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]TheShanghaiLonginesGlobalChampionsTourwillbestagedoverApril28-30.Nearly60participants,includingstarslikeLudgerBeerbaum,ScottBrashandKentFarrington,willtakepartintheequestrianevent.FourChinesewillalsobepartofthecompetition.Shanghaiisthethirdstopofthe15-legeventthisyear,andithashosteditannuallysince2014.TheShanghaiTourfeaturesfive-starshowjumping,accordingtotheorganizer.Ahorseexpo,photographyandothereventswillbestagedtospiceupthevisitorexperience.AreplicaofaCzechtownwillalsobesetupattheevent.Related:

  • 光大海口分行“最后一公里”创新服务惠及万家 日期:2018-2-20

    ANKARA-PresidentRecepTayyipErdogan'stightvictoryinSunday'sreferendummaynotallowhimtomovefreelyinexpandinghispowers,analystspointedoutonTuesday.AnunofficialtallygaveErdogan's"yes"voteanarrowwin,with51.4percentapprovingaseriesofconstitutionalchangesconvertingTurkey'sparliamentarysystemtoapresidentialone.ButUSPresidentDonaldTrumpcongratulatedErdoganonthereferendumcampaigninaphonecallonMondayandvowedclosecooperationonSyriaandIraq,Turkishpresidentialsourcessaid."Ivalueourfriendship,wehavemanyimportantthingstodotogether,"Trumpwasquotedbythesourcesassayinginastatement.TotalvotesoftherulingJusticeandDevelopmentParty,orAKP,andNationalistMovementParty,orMHP,backersofthecharterchangecamp,decreasedmorethan10percentcomparedtotheparliamentaryelectionsin2015.Turkey'sPrimeMinisterBinaliYildirimonTuesdaycalledontheoppositiontorespecttheresultofthereferendum,astheRepublicanPeople'sPartypreparedtoapplytothecountry'shighestelectoralboardtoseekanannulationofSunday'svote.'Afarclearervictory'OnApril14,Erdoganpredictedafarclearervictoryaspollsshoweda55-60percentsupporttotheamendments.BothErdoganandtheAKPofficialswerepressingfor"atleast55percent"supportforthechangesinordertobeascomfortableaspossibleinimplementingpresidentialpowers,andinsecuringfuturepresidentialandparliamentaryelectionswhichrequireatleast50percentofthevotes,accordingtoHurriyetDailyNewscolumnistSerkanDemirtas."However,thefactthatthesechangescouldonlybeapprovedbyasmallmarginmeanstheoppositionandcivilsocietywillbemuchmorevocalinchallenginggovernmentalactions,"hesaid."Themajorityofourpeoplesaid'yes'tothepresidentialadministrationsystem.Butthenumberofthosewhosay'no'ishighinconsiderableamount.Thisshouldbewellexamined,"IlnurCevik,advisertothepresidencysaidinhiscolumnindailyYeniBirlik."ItisobservedthattheAKPhasbeenweakinsomeplacesespeciallyinAnkaraandIstanbulandthevotesaregiventoErdogan'ssake,"thepresident'sadviserstated.Threemaincities,includingthecapitalAnkara,westernIzmirandthelargestcityIstanbul,lookedsettovote"no",while'yes'prevailedinAnatolia,conservativeandreligiousheartlandofTurkey.AbeltalongtheAegeanandMediterraneanregionsstronglyrejectedtheproposedexecutivepresidency.Lesseducatedclassandruralregionsvotes"yes"whileurbanizedclassandmoreeducatedelectoratevotedagainstthepresidentialsystemaccordingtoinitialassessmentswithintheAKP,journalistHandeFiratsaid.

  • 日期:2018-2-19

    Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.

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